2.2.4 Estar

- storresfarb storresfarb
- rsegurafarb rsegurafarb



Similar Links to our topic for more help:

Links:

http://www.lingolex.com/ser/index.htm</span This is a helpful website that is a tutorial website to help you learn spanish.
https://spanish-farb.wikispaces.com/Tener+and+its+many+uses In this website you can find the uses of the word "tener"
https://spanish-farb.wikispaces.com/Indefinite+articles With this website you can find and learn the indefinite and articles of the word estar

Estar means: to be, to stay, remain, become.

Past: Estuve
Present:Estoy
Future:Estar
A helpful picture that shows the uses of the word "estar"
A helpful picture that shows the uses of the word "estar"



Q & A:

Q: What are tenses of the word "tener"?
A:
Past: Estuve Present:Estoy Future:Estar
Q: How will this help me in the future?
A: By knowing how to use the word "estar" when you need it.
Q: Judging by the indefinite articles, what is the difference between Unas and Unos?
A: Unas is feminine and Unos is masculine.


Examples:
Estuve en la escuela.
Estoy cansada.
Estare dormida.


Estar has three major uses:

1) Location

Mis amigos están en la playa.
Francia está al norte de España.

2) Emotions and Transitional Physical Condition (temporary)

Estamos contentos hoy.
Estoy cansado.
Mi hermana está enferma.
El motor está caliente.

3) With the Present Progressive

Estamos comiendo.
Mis amigos están jugando al fútbol.

Typically, these verbs are used in different contexts.
SER ->
It is used followed by adjectives to describe characteristics
ESTAR ->
It is used followed by a preposition (en) to indicate location

Examples:
La mesa es blanca, grande y de madera

Beijing está en China




Ser and Estar

bullet
bullet

In Spanish, there are two verbs that are the equivalent of the English TO BE: Ser and Estar.

SER ESTAR
Singular Plural Singular Plural
|| Yo soy - I am || Nosotros somos - we are || Yo estoy - I am || Nosotros estamos- we are ||
Tú eres - you are
Vosotros sois - you are
Tú estás - you are
Vosotros estáis
El es - he is
Ellos son - they are
El está - he is
Ellos están - they are
Ella es - She is
Ellas son - they are
Ella está - She is
Ellas están - they are
Ud. es - you are (formal)
Uds. son - You guys are
Ud. está - you guys are (formal)
Uds. están - you guys are

When "estar" is obligatory

Below are the instances when we have to use "estar"

external image grbulit.gif
with talking about place and location

¿dónde está el cine?
where is the cinema?

estuve en la playa ayer
I was at the beach yesterday.

external image grbulit.gif
with an adjective to express a temporary or unusual quality

Another way of saying this is: To express a quality or state seen by the speaker as subject to change or different from expected

la sopa está un poco fría
The soup is a bit cold

María está muy guapa hoy
María is looking very pretty today

Hoy estoy de mal humor
I am in a bad mood today


external image grbulit.gif
before past participles describing the result of an action

Note: the participle has to agree in gender and number with the noun.

El restaurante está abierto
The restaurant is open

La ventana está cerrada
The window is closed

external image grbulit.gif
when asking someone how they are

¿Cómo estás?
How are you?

Estoy muy bien
I am very well

external image grbulit.gif
with the present continuous

Carmen está bailando
Carmen is dancing

Estábamos escuchando la radio
We were listening to the radio

The second “to be” verb in Spanish, estar, is used to describe location, health, or any condition that is only temporary. In the above example, you certainly don’t expect to be sick or lost forever.
The verb “estar” has a straight-forward conjugation in the present tense:

Present tense of ESTAR
Yo
estoy


estás
Ud., él, ella
está
Nosotros/as
estamos
Vosotros/as
estáis
Uds., ellos, ellas
están


Present and Preterite Conjugations for Ser and Estar
present ser
present estar
preterite ser
preterite estar
soy
eres
es
somos
son


estoy
estás
está
estamos
están


fui
fuiste
fue
fuimos
fueron


estuve
estuviste
estuvo
estuvimos
estuvieron

Imperfect and Future Conjugations
imperfect ser
imperfect estar
future ser
future estar
era
eras
era
éramos
eran


estaba
estabas
estaba
estábamos
estaba


seré
serás
será
seremos
serán



estaré
estarás
estará
estaremos
estarán























Note the placement of the accent marks as well. While está can mean he or she is or you are, esta means “this,” as in esta cosa or “this thing.” The accent marks, in addition to indicating the correct pronunciation, distinguish completely separate words.